讲座会议

    高等教育大众化和技能与就业之间的不匹配问题

    时间:2018-09-10 打印

     

    主题 Global Mass Higher Education and Skills-Jobs Mismatch

    高等教育大众化和技能与就业之间的不匹配问题

    主讲人加拿大萨斯喀彻温大学 Terry Wotherspoon教授

    主持人西南财经大学人文学院 韦克难教授

    时间2018年10月9日(周二)晚上7:00—8:30

    地点西南财经大学柳林校区通博楼 C216

    主办单位:人文学院 科研处

    主讲人简介:

    Terry Wotherspoon为加拿大萨斯喀彻温大学社会学教授,在加拿大西蒙弗雷泽大学取得社会学博士学位,现为加拿大社会学学会主席职务(2015-16)。 此前,并为著名学术期刊《加拿大社会学评论》(Canadian Review of Sociology)的总编辑。曾经获得加拿大教育学会颁发的惠特沃斯教育研究奖(Whitworth Award for Educational Research);他所编写的《加拿大的教育社会学:批判性视角》一书,曾获得了加拿大教育基金会颁发的书籍奖。

    内容提要:

    As demands for more highly skilled workers increase on a global basis, higher education is expanding to unprecedented levels. At the same time, large proportions of university graduates find it difficult to find employment, especially in areas related to their qualifications. This paper highlights major dimensions associated with these concerns about the mismatch between skills and jobs. Beginning with an overview of major global trends, two national cases - Canada and China - are explored in order to understand the contradictory patterns and discourses revealed in the relationship between post-secondary credentials and labour markets. The paper draws attention to the need for comprehensive data as well as analytical frameworks that would make it possible to understand more clearly the changing relationships between education, work, and wider processes associated with social opportunity and inequality.

    随着全球范围内对高技能人才的需求增加,高等教育正在扩大到一个前所未有的水平。 与此同时,很大比例的大学毕业生却发现找工作困难,特别是在与其教育背景相对应的领域。本讲座重点介绍了技能和就业之间不匹配问题的几个主要方面。讲座从对全球主要趋势的概述开始,探讨了两个国家案例—加拿大与中国,从而剖析并了解了高等教育学历和劳动力市场之间的关系中所体现出的矛盾模式和话语体系。讲座提出了建立全面数据和分析框架的必要性,以便更加清晰地理解教育,工作以及与社会机会和不平等相关的更广泛的社会过程之间不断变化的关系。

    Educational Reform and Indigenous People in Canada

    Terry Wotherspoon, Professor of Sociology, University of Saskatchewan

    In a nation that has one of the world’s most highly educated populations, significant proportions of Indigenous people in Canada do not have educational credentials at or above high school levels. This issue has been identified by governments and other organizations across Canada as a major policy priority, especially since the release in 2015 of the report of the national Truth and Reconciliation Commission which highlighted the role of residential schools in damaging the lives and communities of many Indigenous students for over a century. These concerns have given way to a significant number of educational reforms and initiatives across the country. to address this issue has exploded as governments, educational institutions This paper examines the major trends and discourses associated with these reform initiatives, revealing that outcomes to date remain mixed. The paper emphasizes the contradictory role that education continues to play in contributing both to the advancement and the suppression of the interests of Indigenous people and communities.

    教育改革与加拿大的原住民

    Terry Wotherspoon,社会学教授,萨斯喀彻温大学

    作为世界上拥有最多受过高等教育的人口的国家之一,加拿大却存在着相当比例的原住民没有获得过高中或高中以上学历。特别是自2015年《全国性事实与和解委员会报告》发布后,加拿大各级政府以及组织已将此问题确定为政策性优先问题。该报告揭示了寄宿学校对原住民生活和社区等方面的破坏对原住民学生产生了一个多世纪的影响。目前,对这些问题的焦虑已经让位于在全国范围内展开的大量教育改革和举措,随着政府部门和教育机构的关注,这个问题已经爆发。本文探讨了与这些改革和举措相关的主要趋势和话语体系,揭示了迄今为止仍旧让人喜忧参半的结果。该文还强调了教育在同时促进和压制原住民以及社区的利益方面发挥的正反矛盾性作用。

    Global Mass Higher Education and Skills-Jobs Mismatch

    Terry Wotherspoon, Professor of Sociology, University of Saskatchewan

    As demands for more highly skilled workers increase on a global basis, higher education is expanding to unprecedented levels. At the same time, large proportions of university graduates find it difficult to find employment, especially in areas related to their qualifications. This paper highlights major dimensions associated with these concerns about the mismatch between skills and jobs. Beginning with an overview of major global trends, two national cases - Canada and China - are explored in order to understand the contradictory patterns and discourses revealed in the relationship between post-secondary credentials and labour markets. The paper draws attention to the need for comprehensive data as well as analytical frameworks that would make it possible to understand more clearly the changing relationships between education, work, and wider processes associated with social opportunity and inequality.

    高等教育大众化和技能与就业之间的不匹配问题

    Terry Wotherspoon,社会学教授,萨斯喀彻温大学

    随着全球范围内对高技能人才的需求增加,高等教育正在扩大到一个前所未有的水平。 与此同时,很大比例的大学毕业生却发现找工作困难,特别是在与其教育背景相对应的领域。本文重点介绍了技能和就业之间不匹配问题的几个主要方面。文章从对全球主要趋势的概述开始,探讨了两个国家案例—加拿大与中国,从而剖析并了解了高等教育学历和劳动力市场之间的关系中所体现出的矛盾模式和话语体系。本文提出了建立全面数据和分析框架的必要性,以便更加清晰地理解教育,工作以及与社会机会和不平等相关的更广泛的社会过程之间不断变化的关系。